What is Racism? It is an intriguing question. The definition of Racism because we know it today came about through the rise of the slave trade in the United States and the expansion of the European slave trade from the New World, Africa, and Asia. Racism at this stage was defined as"a prejudice against a racial or national group" This definition is highly subjective and is not consistent across nations and times. Even within countries there can be enormous differences in how one feels or thinks about a particular racial or national group.
Racist views are not limited to the far right, moderate right, or abandoned. Racism could be expressed at any time, anywhere, and by any member of any group. Some definitions even describe a country as having a racism problem due to the ongoing difference between the cultural values of most white bulk cultural groups and the minority non-white or black majority.
A fantastic illustration of the continuing struggle between nearly white majority ethnic groups along with the minority black or fawn bulk is found in the USA. The US government's current definition of racism has it,"A person commits or demonstrated hereditary intolerance if he or she is capable of harboring such ideas based solely on a negative rationale." This definition is quite vague and leaves much open to interpretation. Just what is being implied here is that a individual can harbor a negative view of someone due to their race or nationality without being able to point to some motivation aside from their own race.
Another way to look at racism is that it is an effective view of the way the world works. Where there is a structural racism, it usually means there is a system of unequal treatment of some type. Structural racism is usually the result of the power of some type to dominate other groups. This might be cultural or ethnic or it might be the consequence of historic events like slavery. A more refined form of structural racism is known as ideology racism since it is a particular political ideology which justifies the practices of racism.
The difference between a structural or ideology racism and what's sometimes known as a personal bias against a certain group, is that it doesn't have a psychological component to it. To be able to fall into the category of what's known as private prejudice, the individual has to have an emotional investment in the opinion that the minority ethnic group has been treated unfairly. It is very important to point out in the US, it is extremely difficult for a individual to argue they have never experienced a form of institutionalized racial discrimination since there are so many cases of it. A employer from discriminating against an employee because of his race or nationality is so flagrant.
What is racism has been the topic of much controversy over time. There are lots of definitions on what's racism that agree about the core meaning but not the details. The main issue is to keep in mind that no one can let you know what is wrong or right as a human being, because every individual has their own unique cultural identity and experiences that make them what is racism distinct from everybody else. Knowing that is one way to be sure you do not participate in what's known as cultural Appropriation which has nothing to do with race in today's sense of the word.